He entered the University of Birmingham Medical School in 1950 to become a general practitioner and join his father’s practice. But he became fascinated by neurology and neurosurgery and then psychiatry, inspired by a professor, Wilhelm Mayer-Gross, a prominent psychiatrist who fled Nazi Germany.
Dr. After studying medicine in 1955, Rutter worked in various British hospitals and was a pediatric scholar at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx from 1961 to 1962. He joined the Research Department of Social Psychiatry at Maudsley Hospital in London in 1962 and in 1966 the Institute of Psychiatry, also in London. He was knighted in 1992.
Dr. Rutter has written or co-wrote more than 400 essays and 40 books, including Fifteen Thousand Hours: Secondary Schools and Their Effects on Children (1979), based on a study of the problems faced by London schoolchildren during their 12 years of education was .
He also wrote “Maternal Deprivation Reassessed” (1972), which indicated that children can develop strong bonds not only with their mothers but also with other people inside and outside their families that affect their mental health and development. It was challenging the work of John Bowlby, a British psychiatrist whose “attachment theory” argued that a mother’s love for a child is absolutely crucial and that its lack can have dire consequences.
Among the survivors is Dr. Rutter’s wife Marjorie (Heys) Rutter, a nurse and the co-author of “Developing Minds: Challenge And Continuity Across the Lifespan” with him. (1993); his daughters Sheila and Christine; his son Stephen; his sister Priscilla and seven grandchildren.
As more and more Romanian orphans were adopted by families in the UK in the early 1990s, Dr. Rutter and several colleagues carried out a long-term study to determine how well the children recovered from the difficult conditions in the orphanages.
Many of them quickly adapted to their new homes, but some who were adopted after they were six months old had higher rates of autism spectrum disorder, overactivity and poor personal engagement than a control group of children living in the UK had been adopted. By the age of 15, some of the emotional, behavioral, cognitive and social relationship problems faced by Romanian children could be traced back to their early hardships.