Covid can increase the risk of diabetes in children, says one study

Covid can increase the risk of diabetes in children, says one study

Children who have recovered from Covid-19 appear to have a significantly increased risk of developing type 1 or type 2 diabetes, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported on Friday.

According to some studies, adults who have recovered from Covid have already been found to be at increased risk of diabetes. Researchers in Europe have reported an increase in the number of children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes since the pandemic began.

However, the CDC study is among the first to examine large insurance claims databases in the United States to estimate the prevalence of new diabetes diagnoses in children under 18 who have had Covid or are known to have been infected with the coronavirus.

The study used two US health plan claims databases to diagnose diabetes in adolescents under 18 years of age from age 1.

The researchers found increases in diabetes in both sets of data, although the relative rates were quite different: they found a 2.6-fold increase in new cases of diabetes in children in one and a smaller increase of 30 percent in another.

“Even a 30 percent increase is a big increase in risk,” said Sharon Saydah, a CDC researcher and lead author on the study. The differences likely result from the different classification of children as Covid sufferers, she added.

Dr. Saydah said it was not yet clear whether post-Covid diabetes would be a chronic condition in these children or a temporary condition that would resolve. Most of the children were only followed up for about four and a half months.

The result underscores the importance of vaccinating all eligible children against Covid and measures such as masking and distancing, especially to protect the youngest who cannot yet be vaccinated.

“It is very important for clinicians, pediatricians and parents to be aware of the signs and symptoms of diabetes so that they can get their children diagnosed,” said Dr. Saydah. Increased thirst, frequent urination, unwanted weight loss, and fatigue are among the tell-tale symptoms.

She found that weight gain and sedentary lifestyle, which increased during the pandemic, are also risk factors for diabetes.

Many of the children in the study were only diagnosed after an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening complication that occurs when the body does not have enough insulin to get blood sugar into cells for energy.

Dr. In their analysis, Saydah and her colleagues did not differentiate between types of diabetes, including Type 1 and Type 2. The increases were seen in both those who had Covid and those who were asymptomatic but tested positive.

Another study, also released on Friday by the CDC, found that two doses of the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine caused hospitalized adolescents aged from 12 and 18 for severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome, or MIS-C, which can develop two to six weeks after being infected with the virus.

The study looked at 24 hospitals in 20 states between July and December 9, 2021, when the Delta variant was predominant. She concluded that the vaccine had a 91 percent effectiveness rate against MIS-C and found that of 38 hospitalized patients aged 12 to 18 who needed life-support measures were all unvaccinated.

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Rachel Meadows

Rachel Meadows

Trending topics news writer who enjoys cooking, walking her dog and travel.

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