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Trump wants Apple to unlock the Pensacola shooter’s iPhones. Here’s why it won’t

In a tweet on Tuesday, Trump said the tech giant “will have to step up to the plate and help our great Country.”
Trump’s tweet came hours after Apple declined requests from US Attorney General William Barr and the FBI to unlock two iPhones believed to have been used by a 21-year-old man who killed three sailors in a shooting last month at a Pensacola, Florida, Air Force base.

Barr also expressed frustration that Apple’s built-in encryption prevented the FBI from getting into the phones. “We call on Apple and other technology companies to help us find a solution so that we can better protect the lives of Americans and prevent future attacks,” he said.

Apple’s commitment to protecting the privacy of its users is well known. The iPhone maker has hammered on privacy as a marketing pitch in recent years, with CEO Tim Cook repeatedly calling privacy a fundamental human right. Cook told CNN in 2018 that he wants governments around the world to restrict how much data companies can collect from their customers.
Apple (AAPL) has pushed back against suggestions it isn’t cooperating with authorities on the Pensacola case, saying in a statement Monday that it “responded to each request promptly … with all the information that we had.”

But the company also said creating special access to its devices for the government was where it would draw the line.

“We have always maintained there is no such thing as a backdoor just for the good guys. Backdoors can also be exploited by those who threaten our national security and the data security of our customers,” Apple added. “Today, law enforcement has access to more data than ever before in history, so Americans do not have to choose between weakening encryption and solving investigations. We feel strongly encryption is vital to protecting our country and our users’ data.”

Not the first time

Apple has squared off against the US government before under similar circumstances. In 2016, the company opposed a court order to help the FBI unlock the iPhone of one of two shooters who opened fire in San Bernardino, California, killing 14 people.
The FBI ended up getting into the phone by purchasing a “tool” from a private company that cost more than $1 million, the agency’s then-director James Comey said in April 2016. Comey would not elaborate on the company or the services provided.
Apple’s stance on the San Bernardino shooter’s phone was supported by several of its big tech peers, including Facebook (FB), Google (GOOGL) and Microsoft (MSFT).
Facebook has faced a similar tussle on the other side of the world, squaring off against India’s government over its mobile messaging service, WhatsApp. India — the company’s biggest market with 400 million-plus WhatsApp users — demanded in 2018 that Facebook add the ability to track individual messages after a series of lynchings tied to viral hoax forwards.

WhatsApp has repeatedly refused, saying encryption is fundamental to its private nature. “We will not weaken the privacy protections WhatsApp provides,” a spokesperson said at the time.

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Jersey City shooters had hatred of Jews and law enforcement, state attorney general says

“We believe the suspects held views that reflected hatred of the Jewish people, as well as a hatred of law enforcement,” New Jersey Attorney General Gurbir S. Grewal said, citing evidence and witness interviews.

Investigators believe David N. Anderson, 47, and Francine Graham, 50, killed a police detective near a Jersey City cemetery and then stormed a nearby Jewish market Tuesday, shooting and killing three people there and starting an hourslong police standoff that ended with their deaths, authorities said.

It’s still not know why Anderson and Graham attacked the detective and the JC Kosher Supermarket in particular, Grewal said.

But evidence points to these being “acts of hate,” Grewal said in a news conference in Jersey City. The FBI is investigating the shootings as “domestic terrorism with a hate-crime bias slant to it,” said Gregory Ehrie, special agent in charge for the FBI in Newark.

Investigators think Anderson and Graham acted by themselves, Ehrie said.

While both shooters have expressed interest in the Black Hebrew Israelites movement, neither appear to have established formal links to the movement, Grewal said. Grewal didn’t specify evidence pointing to a hate crime, though he said social media accounts believed linked to the shooters “espouse certain viewpoints.”

Grewal and others stressed that once at the market, the shooters apparently fired only at people there, and at responding police officers, bypassing multiple opportunities to shoot others on the street.

“They were clearly targeting that store. They were clearly targeting the Jersey City Police Department,” US Attorney Craig Carpenito said, partly citing surveillance video.

Investigators are checking killers’ ties to a previous killing and anti-Semitic writings

Anderson and Graham also were suspects in the weekend killing of a livery driver near the neighboring New Jersey city of Bayonne, Grewal has said. That man died Saturday, local media outlets, including, reported.

Authorities haven’t said what, if anything, links the weekend killing to Tuesday’s shootings, other than investigators believe Anderson and Graham were behind them all.

Investigators also checking a note found a stolen U-Haul truck that the killers parked across from the market — a note that contained both anti-Semitic and anti-police writing, a law enforcement source told CNN.

Posts with similar sentiments also have been found on social media linked to the shooters, the source said.

“Our community has been terrorized once again by violent anti-Semitism,” Jonathan Greenblatt, CEO of the Anti-Defamation League, said in a statement. “From Pittsburgh to Poway, and now to Jersey City, the disease that is anti-Semitism has clearly spread to epidemic proportions.”

“But we will not be defeated, we will not stand down, we will not be intimidated,” Greenblatt said.

Shooters had lots of firepower and ‘could have done more’ had police not stopped them

Killed Tuesday were Jersey City police Detective Joseph Seals and three people in the market: Mindy Ferencz, 31, the store’s co-owner; Moshe Deutsch, 24, a customer; and Douglas Miguel Rodriguez, 49, a store employee.
Who are the Black Hebrew Israelites?

One person who was inside the market was shot when Anderson and Graham opened fire, but he fled the store as the attackers shot at him, and survived, officials said.

Investigators think all three slain victims in the store “were shot … within minutes of the shooters entering the store,” Grewal said.

Hundreds of ammunition shells have been recovered from the market scene, Grewal said.

Grewal on Thursday gave this account of the attackers’ weapons found in the store:

• An AR-15-style weapon, which Anderson fired as he entered

• A Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun, which Graham carried into the store

• A 9mm Ruger semiautomatic firearm

• A 9mm Glock 17

Inside the killers’ stolen U-Haul across the street was a pipe bomb and a fifth gun — a .22-caliber Ruger with a homemade silencer and a homemade device to catch shells, Grewal said.

The U-Haul also had “ballistic panels” designed to resist damage, Grewal said.

“But for the actions of (police), they (the attackers) could have done more,” Grewal said.

Graham bought the shotgun and the Ruger in Ohio in the spring of 2018, the attorney general said.

Tracking the shooters from a cemetery to the market

Before Anderson and Graham made their way to the kosher market, they are believed to have killed Seals near a city cemetery, authorities have said.

Police have said Seals was trying to stop Anderson and Graham — but they haven’t said why he tried, or why Anderson and Graham killed him.

A bystander called 911 to report Seals’ body at the cemetery at 12:38 p.m., authorities said.

By that time, Anderson and Graham already were attacking the market.

Surveillance video shows Anderson parking a stolen U-Haul across the street from the JC Kosher Supermarket, about a mile from the cemetery, city officials say.
The pair get out, and a man — Anderson, police say — walks directly toward the store, apparently ignoring several people on the sidewalk nearby, and starts firing a gun into it before entering. Graham follows, police say.
Police say Anderson, right, started firing seconds after exiting a stolen vehicle.

Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop has cited this video — appearing to show Anderson ignoring pedestrians and other businesses — as evidence that he attacked the kosher store for specific reasons.

“My sentiment is that it should be viewed as a hate crime,” Fulop said Wednesday afternoon. “There’s no question it was an attack on the Jewish community.”

Police arrived at the supermarket around 20 minutes after the attack began, starting a long shootout that left two police officers injured.

Around 3:25 p.m., a police armored vehicle broke into the supermarket’s entryway, and law enforcement soon found the bodies of the three victims and two attackers inside the store, Grewal said.

Investigators checking shooter’s connection to Black Hebrew Israelites and anti-Semitic notes

A law enforcement official told the New York Times Wednesday that Anderson appears to have a connection with the Black Hebrew Israelites movement, but the extent is unclear.
David Anderson

The Black Hebrew Israelite movement is best known for its confrontational brand of street preaching in urban areas but it has a complex history in the United States, with sects and branches splintering over theological and leadership disputes. Scholars say what unites most Black Israelites is the belief that African-Americans are the true descendants of biblical Jews.

Some members have expressed anti-Semitic sentiments in the past.

Anderson served in the US Army Reserve from September 1999 to September 2003, the Army said, as a fuel and electrical system repairer.

Funerals guarded by police and volunteers

Orthodox Jewish men mourn during the funeral service of Mindy Ferencz who was killed in a kosher market that was the site of a gun battle in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Two of the four victims were laid to rest Wednesday night.
Jersey City shooting victims are an officer who responded and civilians in a kosher deli

In Jersey City, crowds of men in black hats surrounded Ferencz’s casket in the Jersey City neighborhood of Greenville at the site of a synagogue under construction. Hundreds of women, separated from the men as per Orthodox Jewish tradition, were standing in the bitter cold sobbing.

Ferencz owned the store with her husband, who was next door at the small synagogue at the time of the attack, according to Yossi Steinmetz who was there as well.

When shots broke out, her husband desperately tried to call her and tell her to lock the doors to take cover, Steinmetz said. She didn’t answer.

At Deutsch’s Brooklyn funeral, mourners spoke in Hebrew through tears as at least a dozen NYPD counterterrorism officers and nearly 100 “Shomrim” members — Hebrew for guardians — stood watch.

Thousands of Orthodox Jewish men crowded Rodney Street in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

Deutsch and Ferencz both had ties to the Jewish community in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said.

“This is just an atrocity. Of course, we accept everything but this is more than we can handle,” Deutsch’s cousin, also named Moshe Deutsch, told CNN. “The question is, is it a sign of hatred? Is it a sign that we are not safe in New York anymore?”

CNN’s Melanie Schuman, Alec Snyder, Alexandra Field, Rob Frehse, Evan Simko-Bednarski, Nicole Chavez and Julian Cummings contributed to this report.

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